Wartime economy: what to pay attention to

During the construction of the Magnitogorsk plant of prefabricated housing construction (begun in 1953.) The accumulated experience of designing, manufacturing structures and installation of large -panel buildings was taken into account.

The creation of this plant, which took place, respectively by the Decree and the Council of Ministers “On the development of the production of prefabricated reinforced concrete structures and parts for construction”, laid the foundation for the organization of a new, more advanced base of the Magnitostroy trust. The power of the plant was determined by the production of large panels for 30 thousand. Z2 living space and production for the same amount of living space of prefabricated internal structures for houses with walls of brick and bentonite stone. The plant came into operation in 1958.. It has a developed structure and a fairly rational technological scheme based on a bench and cassette methods for the production of panels. The plant includes workshops: concrete mixing, reinforcing, molding and carpentry.

A significant event was the creation of the first experimental thermosite unit with a capacity of up to 50 m3 of thermositis per day at the fifth blast furnace. With the use of this concrete aggregate, prefabricated celebrations of residential buildings were made; The volumetric weight of thermositon concrete then reached 1,800-1 900 kg/m3.

The magnetostroevians were the first to master the technology of building large -panel houses of frameless structure. However, this construction for a long time did not go beyond the experimental. Even after starting the plants of large panels and blocks, the proportion of prefabricated housing construction was still small. In 1958. It amounted to 22.9% of the total housing construction of the city; More for dwellings was built of small -sized material – brick and bentonite stone. Increasing the volume of prefabricated housing construction in 1959. Up to 34.9% suggests that its development goes along the rising line. In 1958. Of the 109,033 m2 of living space for large -panel housing construction, it accounted for 7,547 m2, for large -block – 17 337 m2, in 1959. Long area in houses from large panels was 27,078 m2, in large -block houses – 16 025 m2. The noted pace of development of prefabricated housing construction, however, are far from sufficient for the magnetostroum, which is the pioneer of large -panel construction.